Falkland Islands

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The Falkland Islands lie some 400 miles off the coast of South America in the South Atlantic. In 1690, Captain Strong made the first recorded landing on the Islands. The first British settlement was not established until the second half of the 18th Century. Until 1833 there were various small local settlements set up by France, Spain and Argentina but none of them survived more than a few years. In 1833 the British resumed control of the Islands. The British people who subsequently settled there formed the first permanent population of the Islands. The Falkland Islands comprise two main islands - West and East Falkland, with some 200 smaller islands covering an area similar to that of Wales.
Lying about 8000 miles (12000 Km) from the United Kingdom, they are on the equivalent latitiude South to that of London in the North. The population is approximately 2,000, of whom 1,100 live in the capital Stanley and 900 who live out in the country and outlying settlements known as the Camp. The temperature variation is smaller than the UK but strong winds introduce a chill factor influenced by the winds which are chilled by the cold sea water of the Antarctic current and the influence of the sea round Cape Horn. As sheep and their wool are one of the main economic strong points of the Islands, it is normal to hear weather reports and forecasts indicate the wind chill factor for newly shorn sheep! This may seem a bit strange, but sheep without wool must feel the cold as we humans do!